Friday, September 25, 2009

523:Red Cross

_______ registered the Red Cross as a U.S. trademark for "medicinal and surgical plasters" in 1905, and has used the design since 1887.The Geneva Conventions, which reserved the Red Cross emblem for specific uses, were first approved in 1864 and ratified by the United States in 1882; however, the emblem was not protected in U.S. law for the use of the American Red Cross and the U.S. military until after _______ had obtained its trademark. A clause in this law permits pre-existing uses of the Red Cross, such as _______'s, to continue.A declaration made by the U.S. upon its ratification of the 1949 Geneva Conventions includes a reservation that pre-1905 U.S. domestic uses of the Red Cross, such as _______'s, would remain lawful as long as the cross is not used on "aircraft, vessels, vehicles, buildings or other structures, or upon the ground", uses which could be confused with its military uses.This means that the U.S. did not agree to any interpretation of the 1949 Geneva Conventions that would overrule _______'s trademark. Even as it disputes a recent lawsuit by _______, the American Red Cross continues to recognize the validity of _______'s trademark.In August 2007, _______ filed a lawsuit against the American Red Cross (ARC), demanding that the charity halt the use of the red cross symbol on products it sells to the public, though the company takes no issue with the charity's use of the mark for non-profit purposes.In May, 2008, the judge in the case dismissed most of _______'s claims and a month later the two organizations announced a settlement had been reached in which both parties would continue to use the symbol

Ans:Johnson & Johnson